History

The Canadian Society of Landscape Architects was founded in 1934. The founding members of the Society were:

  • Carl Borgstrom
  • Humphrey Carver
  • Gordon Culham
  • Howard B. Dunington-Grubb
  • Lorrie A. Dunington-Grubb
  • Edwin Kay
  • Helen M. Kippax
  • Frances C. Steinhoff
  • J. Vilhelm Stensson

By that time, landscape architects were active in all major centres across Canada in the design and planning of parks, open spaces, public institutions, roadways, neighbourhoods and communities. Landscape architect Frederick Todd, for example, was instrumental in the early 1900s in the design of Mount Royal Park in Montreal and the design of Ottawa's scenic driveways and urban green spaces. Later he designed the neighbourhood of Mount Royal in Montreal.

Following World War II, landscape architects became involved in the design and planning of new communities, national and provincial parks, tourism facilities, institutions and corporate sites. Landscape architects played lead roles in the design of Expo 67 in Montreal.

In the mid-1960's, professional programs in landscape architecture were initiated at the Universities of Guelph, Manitoba, and Toronto. A few years later, programs were established at the University of British Columbia and the University of Montreal, and a program in landscape architectural technology was initiated at Ryerson Polytechnical University.

Demand for the services of landscape architects has grown steadily in Canada, particularly over the past two decades. Landscape architects today are engaged in the design, planning and management of urban, rural and natural environments in all Canadian provinces and territories and in many countries worldwide. Canadian landscape architects are well-regarded for their creativity, their sensitivity and their practicality in all aspects of professional practice.

A Pocket History

Doug Clark compiled this 180-year journey through time for CSLA's professional journal  Landscapes / Paysages. Download a PDF of A Pocket History


Timeline of the CSLA

1934

In March, at the Royal York Hotel in Toronto, the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects and Town Planners is formed with Gordon Culham (President), Howard Dunnington-Grubb (Vicepresident), Frances Steinhoff (Secretary-Treasurer) and Carl Borgstron and Edwin Kay (Councilors). Also present: Laurie Dunnington-Grubb, Humphrey Carver, J.V. Stensson, Helen Kipax and Frances Blue.

1959

CSLA introduces its first national landscape architectural publication, The Canadian Landscape Architect

1960
Three CSLA chapters are created: Montreal/Ottawa, Central Canada and the Prairie/Pacific Coast

1960
CSLA introduces its first newsletter, entitled Land Design.

1964
First class of Fellows are invested to the College of Fellows

1969
CSLA is restructured into a federation of provincial and regional component associations. Edwin Skapsts, Jack
Walker and Clive Justice lead the restructuring.

1972
First CSLA annual Congress is held in Vancouver

1977
In March, the CSLA creates a quarterly, bilingual publication entitled Landscape Architecture in Canada, edited by Moura Quayle

1980
CSLA governance structure of regional representatives led by a nationally elected president is established

1981
In April, the last issue of Landscape Architecture in Canada is published

1982
In November, the CSLA publishes the Landscape Architectural Review (LA Review) “to provide a forum for the presentation and promotion of landscape architecture” under the CSLA aegis and every CSLA member receives a copy.

1983
The Professional Awards Program is launched and awarded in 1984, under the leadership of Arnis Budrevics, based on the OALA's awards. Categories include design, planning and research. The design category includes recreational, residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, and historical divisions as well as
urban design and transport.

1984
CSLA introduces a bilingual news bulletin and Lombard North Group develops the first computerized CSLA membership roster

1985
In January, LA Review becomes a bilingual publication and is renamed Landscape Architecture Review/Revue d’architecture de paysage. It will be published until 1993.

1985
Ron Williams and others build on the work of Peter Jacobs, Jack Milliken and John Consolati to create a CSLA accreditation system for Canadian universities. University of Guelph is the first school accredited (1986)

1986
In July, Pierre Vachon becomes the first employee of the CSLA as Executive Director

1987
Landscape Architecture Canada Foundation (LACF) is established

1999
In the Fall, the first Issue of LANDSCAPES|PAYSAGES, magazine, edited by Cecilia Paine, is published, with the help of funds from the LACF

2000
Fran Pauzé joins the CSLA as Executive Director.

2009
Paulette Vinette appointed CSLA Executive Director

2011
Elizabeth Sharpe appointed CSLA Executive Director

2012
Michelle Legault appointed CSLA Executive Director

2013
CSLA adopts a proactive congress planning model working in partnership with component associations

2013
CSLA brokers a Reciprocity Agreement which is signed by 8 or 9 component associations; that agreement is renewed in 2020 with all component associations as signatories

2014
Established the CSLA Climate Change Task Force, which became the Committee on Climate Adaptation

2014
CSLA certificate of continuance approved by the Government of Canada under the Not for Profit Act

2014
Ron Williams pubishes Landscape Architecture in Canada and, with the LACF, the CSLA organizes and funds a cross-Canada book tour

2015
Launched a compensation and benefits study of the profession, which was renewed in 2019

2015
CSLA and component associations sign a terms of reference which guides the roles and responsibilities of the organizations

2015
CSLA establishes the Canadian Landscape Charter

2016
In cooperation with the Canadian Nursery Landscape Association, published the Canadian Landscape Standard, and published a second edition in 2020

2016
Governor General's Medal in Landscape Architecture, approved in 2014, is awarded to Cornelia Hahn Oberlander

2016
Indigenous Issues Task Force is established, which became the Reconciliation Advisory Committee

2018
Associates (interns) and students admitted as CSLA members

2020
Katherine Velluso joins the CSLA team as Communications Coordinator

2020
Service agreement with LACF is concluded whereby the CSLA Executive Director becomes LACF Executive Director

CSLA | AAPC 12 Forillon Crescent, Ottawa ON K2M 2W5