The Committee on Climate Adaptation suggests the resources listed below to help guide you through climate science and its application to landscape architecture
A number of resources are also available by geographic region:
CSLA and Component Association Publications on Climate Change
The CSLA and component associations have developed a number of resources for members, such as a position paper, magazine issues devoted to climate, and the Adaptation Primer, introductory books that provide basic information on the most complex challenge facing decision-makers in this first half of the 21st century and containing an extensive bibliography on many subject areas related to mitigation and adaptation.
Prairie Climate Centre Resources
Climate Atlas of Canada
It combines climate science, mapping and storytelling to bring the global issue of climate change closer to home for Canadians. It is designed to inspire local, regional, and national action that will let us move from risk to resilience. Link to the Climate Atlas of Canada...
Climate Atlas Guidebook
A guidebook for landscape architects and planners was also developed by the climate atlas team. Learn more...
American Society of Landscape Architects Resources
Resilient Solutions for Every Community
The ASLA advocates for legislation that has an impact on climate, and provides examples of projects that can mitigate climate change.
In addition, the recently published Blue Ribbon Panel on Climate Change and Resilience offers communities strategies for adapting to global climate change and its impacts on human health and the environment.
Government of Canada Resources
Canadian Climate Data and Scenarios
The Canadian Climate Data and Scenarios (CCDS) site is an interface for distributing climate change information. The site includes links to:
- historical climate observations and adjusted / homogenized climate datasets,
- the climate trends and variations bulletin, and statistically downscaled climate scenarios, predictors, including information on downscaling tools,
- climate scenarios, and access derived datasets of climate extreme indices, and
- ocean wave heights, and national and global probabilistic seasonal forecasts
Natural Resources Canada Resources
Equipping Canadians to adapt to climate change, this site includes data, maps and federal programs.
The Adaptation to Climate Change program facilitates the development and exchange of information, knowledge, and tools needed to plan and implement practical adaptation measures that increase the climate resilience of Canadian communities and industry. Learn more...
In addition, the following report is useful when working with municipalities: Adapting to Climate Change : An Introduction for Canadian Municipalities. Learn more...
Measuring Progress on Adaptation and Climate Resilience: Recommendations to the Government of Canada
Expert Panel on Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Results, Environment and Climate Change Canada
The Government of Canada Climate Lens: helping plan and build greener, more sustainable infrastructure for Canadians
As part of the Investing in Canada plan, applicants seeking federal funding for new major public infrastructure projects will now be asked to undertake an assessment of how their projects will contribute to or reduce carbon pollution, and to consider climate change risks in the location, design, and planned operation of a project.
Perspectives on Climate Change Action in Canada—A Collaborative Report from Auditors General — March 2018
Message from the Auditors General
Climate change has been identified as one of the defining challenges of our time. The impacts of a warming climate and extreme weather events are already being felt in Canada and are forecast to become more severe and more frequent. For example, an increase in the frequency and severity of wildfires and floods is expected. Beyond environmental and physical impacts, climate change is also expected to have significant economic and social impacts. At the same time, Canada has missed two separate emission reduction targets (the 1992 Rio target and the 2005 Kyoto target) and is likely to miss the 2020 Copenhagen target as well. In fact, emissions in 2020 are expected to be nearly 20 percent above the target. Given the importance of this issue and its relevance to all provinces and territories, Canada’s auditors general agreed to work together to collaboratively examine government responses to climate change. This report is made possible by the substantial work of legislative audit offices across Canada and is the first time that nearly all legislative audit offices in Canada have coordinated their work in this way.
Canada’s auditors general found that most governments in Canada were not on track to meet their commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and were not ready for the impacts of a changing climate. On the basis of current federal, provincial, and territorial policies and actions, Canada is not expected to meet its 2020 target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Meeting Canada’s 2030 target will require substantial effort and actions beyond those currently planned or in place. Most Canadian governments have not assessed and, therefore, do not fully understand what risks they face and what actions they should take to adapt to a changing climate. Learn more...
Related Association's Policies and Resources on Climate Change
Canadian Institute of Planners
Policy for Climate Change Planning: The newly launched Climate Change Policy defines the role that planning has in meeting the complex challenges of climate change, and calls planners to action to create communities that are resilient and contribute to climate stability. Read CIP’s full policy on addressing increasingly complex Climate Change issues (context, goals, objectives, and the roles of planners and CIP)
Engineers Canada works in partnership with all levels of government, other professions and industry to:
- research climate change issues
- understand the impacts of climate change on engineering practice
- understand the impacts of climate change for engineers
- propose adjustments to practice with regard to climate change
- share this knowledge with practising engineers
In addition Engineers Canada developed a risk management approach in partnership with Natural Resources Canada. Learn more...
Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture (CELA)
In 2016, the CELA gave a CLASS Fund Award to the following website, that provides information about climate change for landscape architects, gardeners, and designers. The foundation for this site is a 2016 survey of landscape architects in Florida where information was gathered about climate change perceptions, information needs, and potential adaptation strategies related to different aspects of design and planning.
International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives; Local Governments for Sustainability
Guide and Workbook for Municipalities
ICLEI has published Changing Climate, Changing Communities: Guide and Workbook for Municipal Climate Adaptation, by authors: Ewa Jackson, Leya Barry,Nicole Marzok. Learn more...
The Adaptation Library is a publicly accessible and searchable collection of community, forestry, and energy related adaptation products. The goal of the Library is to connect community and industry users with relevant information related to climate change adaptation in Canada and abroad. Learn more...
Resources Developed by Canadian Universities
Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium
The Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium (PCIC) is a regional climate service centre at the University of Victoria that provides practical information on the physical impacts of climate variability and change in the Pacific and Yukon Region of Canada. They collaborate with climate researchers and regional stakeholders to produce knowledge and tools in support of long-term planning. Learn more...
Intact Centre on Climate Adaptation, University of Waterloo, with funding support from Intact Financial Corp
The Intact Centre on Climate Adaptation (Intact Centre) is an applied research centre with a national focus within the Faculty of Environment at the University of Waterloo. The Intact Centre works with homeowners, communities, governments and businesses to identify, and reduce, the impacts of extreme weather and climate change. Learn more...
Adaptation to Climate Change Team, Simon Fraser University, Faculty of Environment, Pacific Water Research Centre
ACT brings leading experts from around the world together with industry, community, and government decision-makers to explore the risks posed by top-of-mind climate change issues and identify opportunities for sustainable adaptation. They are:
- The only university-based think tank initiative in North America dedicated to climate change adaptation
- Involved in adaptation in Canada and internationally through academic, corporate and community events, networks and affiliations
- A publisher of research reports identifying policy opportunities and resources designed to bridge from theory to action in support of sustainable adaptation
- A clearing house for Canadian and international adaptation and climate change information
- A way to get involved
ACT studies nine top-of-mind climate change areas (Biodiversity, Extreme Weather, Energy, Water Security, Crops & Food Supply, Sea Level Rise, Health Risks, Population Displacement, and New Technologies) and considers ways to protect environmental, economic and social well being throughout its five-year program. Learn more...
Federation of Canadian Municipalities
Partners for Climate Protection: FCM’s focus has been on working with municipalities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through its Partners for Climate Protection program.
Regional Climate Advisors: environmental experts from across Canada offering one-on-one advice, training and knowledge-sharing activities tailored specifically to provide members of the FCM-ICLEI Partners for Climate Protection program (PCP) with local expertise, resources and support to help municipalities reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Municipalities for Climate Innovation Program: More recently FCM is focusing on climate adaptation and has launched the Municipalities for Climate Innovation Program (MCIP) is a five-year, $75-million program that helps municipalities prepare for, and adapt to, climate change, and to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Delivered by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) and funded by the Government of Canada, MCIP is available to all municipalities and their partners. Learn more...
Climate Adaptation Partner Grants: FCM has provided grants to 12 organizations that will help participating communities of all sizes — from all regions of Canada — adapt to effects of climate change. The funding, known as climate adaptation partner grants, will enable the partner organizations to provide training and guidance on how to adapt to climate change to more than 70 municipalities across Canada. The grants, totaling $2.4 million, are delivered through FCM's Municipalities for Climate Innovation Program and funded by the Government of Canada.
Adaptation Resources: The FCM website includes information about “Adaptation Resources”, including
- Local Governments and Adaptation
- Local Government Adaptation Strategies
- Adaptation Planning Guides
- Risk Management and Assessment
- Climate Scenarios and Projections
- Case Studies
Other Recommended Resources
Environmental lawyer Margaret Peleso discusses the legal implications of sea level rise, useful to landscape architects
Changing Climate - Changing Standard of Care
by XL Insurance. Learn more here...
Climate Risk Assessment for Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für
Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH