Honorary Members recognize persons who have performed notable service in advancing the cause of landscape architecture. Nominations are made by individual members through their component association six months prior to the Annual Congress. These nominations are reviewed and selections made by the CSLA Board of Directors.
CSLA Honourable Members
The Honourable T. B. McQuesten (1947)
(Photo: Hamilton Public Library Digitization Department via Wikimedia Commons)
Born in Hespeler, Ontario, T. B. McQuesten graduated from the University of Toronto with a degree in law. Mr. McQuesten was elected as a Hamilton alderman from 1918-1920. From 1920, until his death in 1948, T.B. McQuesten served on Hamilton's Board of Parks Management and, during that time, 2,500 acres of park land was added to the city of Hamilton. In addition, he was involved in the development of the Royal Botanical Gardens and the Queen Elizabeth Way. He was Ontario’s Highways Minister from 1934-1937, and Minister of Public Works from 1934-1937. T.B. McQuesten passed away on January 31th, 1948.
The Right Honourable William Lyon Mackenzie King (1949)
(Photo: Library and Archives Canada)
William Lyon Mackenzie King was born in Berlin (later renamed Kitchener), Ontario in 1874. He studied economics and law at the University of Toronto and the University of Chicago and pursued studies at Harvard. In 1900, he became Deputy Minister of the new Department of Labour. In 1900, he joined the liberal party and won a seat in the 1908 election, becoming minister of labour the following year. In 1919, he was elected leader of the Liberal party; King and the liberals won the 1921 election, the 1926 election and the 1935 election, leading Canada through the Second World War. Among his reforms, he introduced unemployment insurance and the family allowance. He died in 1950.
Mr. Jacques Greber (1949)
(Photo: Cultural Landscape Foundation)
Jacques Gréber was born in Paris and graduated with a M.Arch at the École des Beaux-Arts in 1908. He then worked in the US, formalizing the gardens of Harbour Hill, designing European-style gardens for American clients. In 1917, Gréber was completed a plan for the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Logan Square, and the landscape for the Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia. His 1939 and 1950 plans for the city of Ottawa played an important role in the city’s present landscape. He authored “L’Architecture aux États-Unis” in 1920, a French-language examination of US architecture.
Mr. George swan Challies (1960)
Mr. Challies earned his Bachelor of Civil Law degree from McGill University in 1935 and his Master of Civil Law degree in 1947. He was a judge of the superior Court of the Province of Québec from 1949 until 1973 and Associate Chief Justice from 1963 to 1973. He worked on the Commission for the Revision of the Québec Code of Civil Procedure in addition to his teaching duties at McGill University, which conferred the degree of Doctor of Laws upon him, honoris causa, in 1966. Read Mr. Challies' obituary in the McGill Law Journal.
Mr. Arthur E. K. Bunnell (1961)
Mr. Bunnell was an engineer who contributed to the 1913 City Beautiful project for the long-term planning and beautification of the city of Ottawa. During the 1920s and 1930s, he was a partner in the Toronto city planning and landscape architecture firm, Wilson, Bunnell and Borgstrom – a firm which won the competition for the North-West entrance to Hamilton, ON.
Mr. Thomas W. Thompson (1966)
Born in 1914 next door to Toronto’s famous Casa Loma, where his father worked as a groundskeeper, Tommy Thompson obtained after-school employment looking after the gardens at Prospect Cemetery (another member of the Mount Pleasant Group of Cemeteries) on St. Clair Avenue West. After graduating from high school, Thompson enrolled at the Ontario Agricultural College in Guelph and having completed courses there in 1936, was hired as a gardener at Mount Pleasant Cemetery. With the outbreak of war, Thompson joined the Royal Canadian Air Force and trained as a navigator-bombardier. After the war, he spent some time in the Ontario Department of Education advising communities on the care of parks, arenas and playgrounds, before becoming Parks Superintendent for the city of Port Arthur (now part of Thunder Bay), Ontario. Thompson returned to Toronto in 1955 and became the first Parks Commissioner for the newly established Metropolitan Toronto Parks Department, a position he held for more than 20 years. Soon after the new Metro Zoo in Scarborough opened, Thompson was appointed director and helped “get the bugs” out of the new facility. He retired in 1981, but kept busy serving on numerous committees and leading public walks around his beloved city. Some of his most popular forages were through Mount Pleasant Cemetery where he loved to talk about the unique collection of trees and shrubs. 71-year-old Tommy Thompson died at the Western Hospital on March 1, 1985. Carved on his memorial stone is a likeness of Tommy’s famous walking stick and the words that will always remind us of his love of parks and green spaces, “Please Walk on the Grass.” (Biography courtesy of Mike File)
Mr. Edouard Fiset (1967)
Edouard Fiset was born in Rimouski in 1910. He graduated from the École supérieure des beaux-arts in Paris in 1940. During the Second World War, he was interned by the Vichy regime in France as an "enemy alien'" and not freed until 1944. At the end of the war, he advises on the reconstruction of the historic city of Caen before returning to Canada. Among his contributions are: collaborating with Jacques Gréber on the City of Ottawa Master Plan, preparing new town plans for Labrieville, Baie-Como, Port-Cartier and Churchill Falls, and the Laval University Master Plan. In 1964, he was appointed Chief Architect for EXPO ’67 in Montreal where, in addition to developing the master plan for the fair, he designed several pavilions including the theme pavilions on Ste. Helene's Island and on Notre Dame Island, and supervised the design work of leading architects from around the world. Fiset was later elected to the Order of Canada for his achievements at the EXPO '67 site. He died in Montreal on 27 January 1994.
Mr. GORDON ARNOTT (1967)
Born in Winnipeg, Mr. Arnott graduated with a Bachelor in Architecture from the University of Manitoba in 1948. He worked on the Kitimat new town in BC before moving to Regina in 1954 and establishing a multidisciplinary firm, originally called Izumi Arnott Sugiyama. This firm’s projects included Midtown Plaza in Regina and various projects at the universities of Saskatchewan and Regina. Mr. Arnott became a fellow of the RAIC in 1968 and was its president in 1970-71.
Mr. Charles-Edouard Campeau (1967)
Mr. Campeau was born in 1916. He was the Director of City Planning at the City of Montreal from the 1940s to 1958 and closely involved with many key dossiers of the time, including open spaces, the St-Lawrence Seaway and its effects on Montreal, traffic and the building of urban freeways, slum clearance, etc. He was a federal MP from 1958-1962. He died in 1992.
Dr. R. J. Hilton (1967)
Dr. Hilton was Head of Horticulture and later the first Director of the Arboretum at the University of Guelph and President/Chair of the Royal Botanical Gardens. The R. J. Hilton Centre at the Arboretum is named for him. He was a leading proponent of the establishment of an arboretum at Guelph. Dr. Hilton was the editor of The Canadian Gardener's Guide (1958). A scholarship at the University of Guelph is named in his honour. Along with Norman J. Scott and Dean Richards, he was one of the driving forces behind the first Landscape Architecture program in Canada at the University of Guelph.
Dr. N.R. Richards (1967)
Dean N. R. ("Rick") Richards was Dean of Ontario Agricultural College at the University of Guelph from 1962 to 1972. He was a soil scientist and was responsible for many of the early soil surveys in Ontario. He was an Honourary Fellow of the University of Guelph and along with Norman J. Scott and R.J. Hilton, he was one of the driving forces behind the first Landscape Architecture program in Canada at the University of Guelph. He was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Sciences degree by Laval University in 1967. He died in 2009. Read an interview with N.R. Richards by Ross Hay.
The Honourable Jack Davis (1972)
John (Jack) David was born in 1916 in Kamploops, BC and graduated with a Bachelor of Applied Science from the University of British Columbia. He was chosen a Rhodes Scholar from British Columbia in 1939. Davis was elected to the Canadian House of Commons in 1962, in 1963, when he was appointed as the Parliamentary Secretary to Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson, 1965 and 1968. He was Minister without Portfolio, Minister of Fisheries, Minister of Fisheries and Forestry, and the first Minister of the Environment in the English-speaking world. He was defeated 1974. In 1975, he was elected to the BC Legislative Assembly as the Minister of Transport and Communication in the new. He resigned in 1978 but was re-elected in 1979, 1983 and 1986, where he was a Minister of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources. He died in 1991.
Mr. Patrick Joseph Moran (1975)
This horticulturalist and landscape architect is best-known for his work at the Wascana Centre Authority in Regina, SK. Under his guidance, the park became renowned for its beauty. He was involved in many professional organizations and has also been active in a number of cultural societies and has done much-needed volunteer work locally and in the developing world. He died in 2010.
Prof. G. Angus Hills (1978)
Born into an Ontario farming family in 1902, George Angus Hills began a farming career on the Prairies in 1919, later pursuing studies at the Ontario Agricultural College (OAC) at Guelph, starting in 1934. Through his work on the Ontario soil survey, Hills became an expert pedologist and subsequently elaborated a soil classification system that linked the characteristics of soil profiles to local environmental conditions. His system of analysing soils helped to explain their influence on agricultural production and their capacity to resist deterioration. Hills then went to work for the Ontario Department of Lands and Forests in 1944, where he focused his research on the soils in the northern reaches of the province (including the rich lands of the Clay Belt) so as to identify the most promising locations for agricultural development. He later directed the province’s research work in forest productivity, from 1954 to 1967. These diverse experiences helped Hills to develop a comprehensive system of land classification for agricultural, forestry, recreational, and other purposes. His 1961 publication, The Ecological Basis of Land Use Planning, became a classic work in the field of land analysis and planning. Some of the concepts and tools developed by Hills are universally employed today in landscape planning at the regional scale: the division of natural continuums into graduated classes for purposes of analysis and comparison; the concepts of capability, suitability, and feasibility for their potential applications to sites and landscapes; the division of large territories into landscape units; and the use of alternative hypothetical scenarios to explore the likely impacts of different interventions in the landscape. (Biography by Ron Williams)
Mr. Roberto Marx (1980)
Roberto Burle Marx was born in 1909 in Sao Paulo, Brazil and attended the National School of Fine Arts in Rio in 1930. He designed his first landscape for a private residence, the Schwartz house, in 1932. In 1949, he acquired a large estate outside Rio de Janeiro and began making expeditions into the rain forest with botanists, landscape architects, architects and other researchers to gather plant specimens. This property is now a national monument. He founded a studio in 1955 with an eventual branch in Caracas, Venezuela. In addition to landscape architecture, he was a painter, print maker, conservationist, ecologist, naturalist, artist and musician. He is accredited with being the founder of modernist landscape architecture in Brazil. He died in 1994.
The Honourable Justice Thomas R. Berger, Q.C. (1981)
(Photo: Martha Harbell)
Thomas Berger was born in Victoria, BC, in 1933. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1962 but was defeated the following year. Re-elected in 1966, he won the NDP leadership shortly after. He was appointed to the Supreme Court of British Columbia on 1972 and served until 1983. He is best known for his work as the Royal Commissioner of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Inquiry and his assertions that both Canadian Aboriginals and women’s had to be included in a Charter of Rights. He lead the Alaska Native Review Commission in 1983-1985, was appointed chair of the Vancouver Election Commission in 2003, and in 2005, was appointed Conciliator to resolve the impasse of the Government of Canada, Government of Nunavut and Nunavut Tunngavik Incorporated in reaching a common way forward for the Nunavut Land Claims Implementation Contract. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1989 and in 2012, he was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.
Mayor Jean Drapeau (1984)
(Photo: Le Devoir)
Jean Drapeau was born in Montreal in 1916. He won the 1954 Montreal city election and began transforming the city to a world metropolis of the first rank. Promising Montréal a subway and clean government, he was re-elected in 1960. In addition, he reformed the electoral system and modernized the police department, brought the Montreal Expos to the city and the summer Olympics. He resigned in 1986 due to declining health and finished his career as Canadian ambassador to UNESCO in Paris. He died in 1999.
Mr. Dieter Martin (1985)
Dieter Martin received a diploma in Ornamental Horticulture from the Bavarian Ministry of Nutrition, Agriculture and Forestry in Aschaffenburg, West Germany, in 1949. Until 1953, he was a project manager for the City of Aschaffenburg. IN 1953 he accepted a position as Assistant Grounds Superintendent at the University of Alberta in Edmonton and held that position until 1957, when he was promoted to Grounds Supervisor. In 1976, he opened Dieter Martin Greenhouse Ltd. and began consulting for various clients, including the University of Manitoba and the Meewasin Valley Authority. Throughout his career, Dieter Martin was instrumental in ensuring professional design input on university projects, especially during the early years of campus development, resulting in consistent use of landscape architectural services by universities.
The Honourable Tom MacMillan (1989)
Tom MacMillan was born in 1945 in Charlottetown, PEI. He was educated at the universities of Prince Edward Island, Queen's, New Brunswick and Trent in political science. Before he was elected to the House of Commons in 1979, he was a guest lecturer in political science at Laurentian University, instructor at Sir Sandford Fleming College, special assistant to the Progressive Conservative (PC) house leader, the Honourable Robert Stanfield, executive director of Mr. Stanfield's policy advisory committee, executive officer of the Ontario Human Rights Committee and chairman of the Book and Periodical Development Council of Canada. In 1984, he was named Canada's first full-time minister of state for tourism. He held this portfolio until mid-1985, when he was named minister of the environment until 1988.
Mrs. Pleasance Crawford (1993)
(Photo: Charles Crawford)
Pleasance Kaufman Crawford is a Toronto-based landscape-design historian. She graduated from Oberlin College and the University of Toronto. For 25 years, she specialized in research, documentation, and assessment of Canadian cultural landscapes, often as a member of a multidisciplinary team of heritage professionals. She co-edited an anthology entitled Garden Voices: Two Centuries of Canadian Garden Writing (Toronto: Random House of Canada, 1995; Vintage Canada, 1997) and has served on the boards of the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects, the Canadian Association of Professional Heritage Consultants, and the Friends of the Archives of Ontario.
Prof. Roger B. Martin (1993)
Roger B. Martin was born in Minnesota and received his Bachelor of Science in Horticulture at the University of Minnesota in 1958 before completing his Master of Landscape Architecture degree at Harvard University. In 1961, he was awarded the Prix De Rome Fellowship to the American Academy in Rome before taking a position as an Assistant Professor at the College of Environmental Design at Berkeley Campus of the University of California. In 1966, he was asked to develop degree studies in Landscape Architecture at the University of Minnesota. He co-founded InterDesign, Inc. in 1969, an interdisciplinary design firm focused on creative problem solving within a group format and which resulted in, among others, the Minnesota Zoological Garden, the renovation of over 50 miles of Minneapolis Parkway System and the development of the central riverfront in Minneapolis. From 1984–1998, he was a partner in Martin and Pitz Associates. In 1980, he worked at the University of Melbourne. He received the Bradford Williams Medal given by the ASLA for outstanding professional papers in 1968 and 1969.
Dr. Jennifer Shay (1994)
Born in Hull, England, Dr. Jennifer Shay received a Bachelor of Science from the University of London in 1952. She moved to Canada in 1957 and completed her Master of Science and her Doctor of Philosophy in Science in 1964 at the University of Manitoba where, in 1965, she became an assistant professor, promoted to associate professor in 1967, and full professor in 1975. She was the founding director of the Delta Marsh Field Station from 1966 to 1986. She was appointed Professor Emerita of Botany in the Faculty of Science at the University of Manitoba in 1995. In 1988, she was made a Member of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Officer in 2000. Among her list of awards and distinctions are the Shikar-safari Conservation Award, (1970), life-time membership to the Manitoba Naturalist Society (1976), the Canadian Nature Federation Douglas Pimlott Conservation Award (1979), the Manitoba Naturalist Society Ernest Thompson Seaton Distinguished Naturalist Award (1982), honorary life-time membership to the Manitoba Museum of Man and Nature (1982), the Canadian Botanical Association Distinguished Service Award (1984), the Peter D. Curry Chancellor's Award (1987), Member of the Order of Canada (1988), honorary life-time membership to the Manitoba Association of Landscape Architects (1990), University of Manitoba Outreach Award (1990), University of Manitoba H.H. Saunderson Teaching Award (1992), the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society J.B. Harkin Medal (1992), the Manitoba Eco-network Environmental Award (1993), Honorary Member of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects (1994), the Canadian Healthy Environment Award for Lifetime Achievement (1996), YWCA Woman of Distinction (1997), and Officer of the Order of Canada (2001).
Mayor Pierre Bourque (1995)
(Photo: Ville de Montréal, Gestion de documents et archives)
Pierre Bourque was born in 1942. He was director of the Montreal Botanical Gardens from 1980 to 1994. He founded the Vision Montreal political party and served as mayor of Montreal from 1994 to 2001. He supported the creation of parks, implemented tree-planting initiatives, as well as creating Eco-Centres (reusable materials) and Eco-Quartier program (recycling).
Mr. Malak Karsh (2000)
(Photo: George Hunter, R.C.A.)
Malak Karsh was born Mardin, Ottoman Empire, in 1915. He emigrated to Canada in 1937 and worked with his brother Yousuf Karsh. In 1963, he took a picture of the floating logs on the Ottawa River, called Paper and Politics, which was put on the back of the 1969-1979 series Canadian $1 note. He was one of the founders of the Canadian Tulip Festival and its honorary president at the time of his death. In 1996, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. He died in 2001.
Mrs. Jean E. Pigott (2000)
(Photo: National Capital Commission)
Jean Elizabeth Morrison Pigott was born in 1924. She was was president and CEO of her family's business, Morrison-Lamothe Bakery, one of only three women CEOs in Canada in the early 1970s. In 1976, she won a by-election in Ottawa—Carleton riding and became a Member of Parliament in the Canadian House of Commons as a Progressive Conservative.In 1979, after losing her seat, Joe Clark, hired her as an advisor. In 1984, she was appointed by Mulroney as chair of the National Capital Commission. She was also the first woman to sit on the board of directors of Ontario Hydro and also sat on the board of Canadian Tire Corporation. She has also served as chair of the board of the Ottawa Congress Centre and the Centre for Studies of Children at Risk in Hamilton, Ontario. In 1995, she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada . Jean Pigott died in 2012.
Alexandre Reford (2001)
(Photo: Oliver Hannigan)
Alexander Reford was borin in Ottawa in 1962. He obtained degrees from the University of Toronto and Oxford University. He was Dean of College at St. Michael’s College at the University of Toronto from 1987 to 1995 and left to assume the directorship of Les Jardins de Métis (Reford Gardens). The great-grandson of Elsie Reford, creator of the Gardens, he was instrumental in creating the not for profit organization that purchased them from the Quebec government in 1995. Under his stewardship, a complete restoration of the gardens and the historic buildings on the property has been undertaken. In addition, he co-founded the International Garden Festival. He is a member of the board of directors of the Canadian Tourism Commission and president of the Association touristique régionale de la Gaspésie. Reford has authored numerous books and articles and is a frequent contributor to the Dictionary of Canadian Biography. In addition, he is the author of the biographies of Lord Mount Stephen and Lord Strathcona and his great great grandfathers, Robert Meighen and Robert Reford.
The Honourable Peter Lougheed, P.C., C.C., Q.C. (2001)
(Photo: Glenbow Museum)
Edgar Peter Lougheed was born in Calgary in 1928. After a short football career he graduated from the University of Alberta, entered business and practised law in Calgary. In 1965, he was elected leader of the Alberta Progressive Conservative Party. As premier, he furthered the development of the oil and gas resources, started the Alberta Heritage Fund and introduced the Alberta Bill of Rights. In addition, he was instrumental in Calgary’s successful bid to host the 1988 Winter Olympics. In 1986, he was named a Companion of the Order of Canada and in 1989 he was named to the Alberta Order of Excellence. He died in 2012.
HRH Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales (2001)
The Prince of Wales was born at Buckingham Palace in 1948. He attended Cambridge University in 1967 and read archaeology and anthropology, then history at Trinity College. In 1970, he took his seat in the House of Lords. In 1971, he embarked on a naval career. His Royal Highness has, over the years, developed a wide range of interests which are today reflected in The Prince's Charities, a group of not-for-profit organizations of which The Prince of Wales is Patron or President. His interest in fields such as the built environment, global sustainability, youth opportunity, education and faith have been elaborated over many years in a large number of speeches and articles.
Mr. Larry Beaseley (2006)
Larry Beasley was born in 1948. In In 2004, he was made a Member of the Order of Canada in recognition for having "played a leading role in transforming" Vancouver's "downtown core into a vibrant, livable urban community". Throughout his career in public service, Beasley has been engaged in community initiatives, including the Institute for Canadian Citizenship. He was recently Co-Director of Planning for the City Of Vancouver and is credited with the transformation of its downtown core along New Urbanism lines.
Mr. Julian Smith (2012)
Liane McKenna bestowing honourary CSLA membership to Julian Smith in 2012
(Photo: Jean Landry)
Mr. Smith was born in Montreal but spent his childhood in Delhi, India; and Cambridge, Massachusetts He studied at Oberlin, MIT and Cornell then worked at the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies in New York City. He moved to Canada and eventually became Chief Restoration Architect for the National Historic Sites program. He established his own architectural and planning practice, and also founded and directed the graduate program in Heritage Conservation at Carleton University. Among his projects are the restoration of the Vimy Monument in France, the Aberdeen Pavilion in Ottawa, and the Lister Block in Hamilton, and master plans for the Parliament Buildings in Toronto, the Central Experimental Farm in Ottawa, and a new campus for a historic college in south India. He has developed policy documents for a variety of federal and provincial agencies in Canada, and has been Canadian delegate to UNESCO for the drafting of the new international recommendation on Historic Urban Landscapes. He is architectural advisor to the Trustees of Queen's University, a past member of the Advisory Committee to the Minister of Canadian Heritage, and a frequent contributor to international forums. He is a recipient of Heritage Canada's Gabrielle Léger Award and the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario's Eric Arthur Award, both recognizing lifetime achievement in the heritage conservation field. Mr. Smith is currently the executive director of the Willowbank School for the Restoration Arts and the director of the Centre for Cultural Landscape, co-located in Queenston, Ontario.
Ms. Susan Buggey (2014)
Susan Buggey has long been interested in cultural landscapes and active in research, evaluation and writing related to them. At Parks Canada, from historian to senior manager, she worked for the multi-disciplinary research program on history and the built environment, including cultural landscapes. She played a key role in developing the concept of cultural landscapes within the program and later more broadly. She also taught historic landscape conservation and cultural landscapes in various short courses and at the universities of Manitoba, Montréal and Victoria. In the early 1990s she participated in UNESCO’s international expert meetings to develop guidelines for inclusion of cultural landscapes on the World Heritage List, which remained an area of interest and activity. Since 1975 she has contributed articles to various national and international publications. Her recent research and writing has focused on aboriginal cultural landscapes, where she contributed to developing the concept, and on associative values of cultural landscapes. A founder of the Alliance for Historic Landscape Preservation and a fellow of the Association for Preservation Technology, she has been actively engaged for more than 35 years in national and international organizations related to heritage conservation. They currently include the ICOMOS/IFLA International Scientific Committee on Cultural Landscapes and a working group of IUCN’s World Commission on Protected Areas.
Susan Buggey receiving honourary membership at the CSLA Gala in Ottawa in May, 2014. (Photo: J. Landry)
Route des Belvédères (Montréal)
2012 National Citation Award - New Directions / Honneur national 2012 - Nouvelles orientations