Campaign for an International Landscape Convention
Since 2006 the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) has been promoting the idea of a Global Landscape Charter/Convention.
In 2010, during the World Council in Suzhou, China, it was agreed to call upon UNESCO's Director General to review the feasibility of a new standard setting instrument.
On October 25 and 26, 2010, following the Resolution by the 47th World Congress of IFLA in 2010 and its “Proposal to further enhance the recognition and conservation of landscapes globally (ILC)”, the UNESCO Director-General organized a small international “Expert Meeting on the feasibility of an International Landscape Convention” at UNESCO Headquarters. Although more than 30 countries spoke in favour of the convention, at the end, the Executive Board did not accept the proposal. Opposition was led by the USA, on political grounds, and France on technical reasons (concerns about the cost for UNESCO in the current climate of budget constraints, and overlapping with other tools like ELC, HUL, etc.)
A new proposal for an International Landscape Convention was presented at the UNESCO EXCO meeting in May 2011, and the strategy proposed was to continue the advancement of the proposal was to work from the Regions.
Since then, IFLA International Landscape Initiative ILC has been promoted under the ILC Task Force direction: Kathryn Moore, UK, ILC Task Force Chair and Martha Cecilia Fajardo, Colombia, ILC Task Force Member and LALI Latin American Landscape Initiative Coordinator.
The Latin America Campaign
In 2011 and 2012, The Americas Region Landscape Architects and their Associations worked on National Landscape Charters through the Civil Society and Institutions. Latin America Charters have been developed by Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The Latin American Charter Initiative was signed and approved at the IFLA Regional Conference in Medellin Colombia in October 2012. A follow up committee has been set up to develop the action plan for the implementation of the Initiative and the development of the Americas Landscape Observatory with the support of Pere Sala, Director of The Landscape Observatory of Catalonia.
The Florence Declaration on Landscape 2012 was the Final Declaration of the UNESCO International Meeting on "The International Protection of Landscapes" held in Florence on September 19-21, 2012 on the occasion of the 40th Anniversary of the World Heritage Convention.
The International Landscape Convention in RIO+20 -June 2012
In 2012, the IFLA International Landscape Convention Committee submitted the draft International-level ILC to the RIO+20 organizers. Various activities and alliances were developed by the Committee members and the ABAP (Brazilian Association of Landscape Architects). A report should be available soon.
The Canadian Landscape Charter Campaign